6 Types of Cyber Attacks & How to Prevent Them From Spoiling

For the last couple of years, we have seen a gradual increase in the number of cyber-attacks. You can agree with me that they have become more complex and frequent. Do you know that all these threats that we face from hackers and viruses are not going away? Instead of fading away, they are evolving day by day. There is no doubt that even the hardware technology has come under the scanner.

Over the years, cybersecurity professionals and companies have been preparing ways to cope with multiple security breaches and stolen data. With that in mind, it will be very crucial if you familiarize yourself with the latest security threats. In that case, you will be in a good position to protect yourself.

Here are 6 types of cyber-attacks.


This is arguably the most terrible threat to cybersecurity for the last couple of years. If it is not dealt with accordingly, it will continue to be a major threat even in the future.

In fact, it has been showing no signs of slowing down. What is the main reason behind its popularity? It has the ability to deliver huge returns. If successful, it can even return thousands of dollars.

When it comes to working, it requires little work. This is the reason why numerous cybercriminals love it.

How does it work? It will take full control of your computers. Unless it is paid, it will make the network of computers useless. All the users will be locked out of computer operations.

Cyber attackers will be able to take advantage of the disastrous situation. They can easily extort huge sums of money from the victims.

Lately, the widespread adoption and the popular Internet of Things have made it even more famous than ever before. It is good to know that cryptocurrency transactions can’t be traced.

In the process, more devices will be hijacked.


It is a nightmare that has been around since the internet was discovered. Being a simple form of attack, it is designed to steal crucial personal information such as passwords and usernames.

In 2017, trusted stats showed that these cases were on the rise, more so in the business world. We should expect such situations to increase if the necessary measures are not put in place.

Where does a phishing attack come from? In most cases, they originate from banking providers or regular use of the internet.

Your information will be sent directly to its malicious source immediately after following the instructions on the sent email. They will then use your credit cards to make purchases.

Do you use the internet regularly? You might have come across these cases. Usually, they will come in the form of spam emails. Therefore you should have caution when handling such emails. Don’t forget to use common sense.


What is malware? Simply this is software that accesses a device without the user’s knowledge. There are numerous ways how this software can infect your computer.

Here are the most common ways cybercriminals attacks using malware:

  • Downloading infested software.
  • Clicking on links that pop up on your window.
  • Opening email attachments.
  • Visiting a site that has been contaminated with malware.

This is an extensive category. The following are the most common types of malware.

  • Virus. Just like their biological namesake, viruses will attach themselves to infect other files. After spreading uncontrollably, they will delete and corrupt all your files. In most cases, they appear as executable files.
  • Trojans. Some people think that this is legitimate software. In short, it is legitimate software that has been infected. It will easily create backdoors for malware.
  • Spyware. It has been developed to spy on you. How does it achieve this? It will take notes on what you do online. In the process, it will discover all your credit card numbers and passwords.


This is when an experienced attacker attempts to log in to your account by guessing your password. They have exceptional programs that obtain access to these accounts with much ease.

These are the 3 types of password attacks cybercriminals can use to exploit their victims.

  • Brute force attack. A hacker uses a program to access your password combinations. They start with the easiest to guess passwords.
  • Dictionary attack. They use a script for cycling through a combination of common words.
  • Key logger attack. It is an advanced malware attack that mainly targets key employees from companies.


It is another notorious form of malware.

How does it operate? Once you click on infected ads on the websites, it downloads immediately to the device. Are you sure that every website can be a victim of these ads? Therefore you should avoid clicking on ads that pop up on the website.


When does a drive-by download happen? When the malicious program is being downloaded from the infected site, no human error is involved. You should ensure that all your programs have been updated if you really want to prevent such from happening.

Surely, there is a need to know how you can prevent the above types of cyber-attacks from doing more damage.

Here are several ways to prevent such occurrences:

  • Installing malware software. Do you have anti-virus protection on your computer? If you want your computer to be safe, this is a must-have feature.
  • Keep your anti-virus software up to date. You need to maintain the software after you have installed it. Many people install free software. It is good to keep in mind that free anti-virus software is not the best.
  • Regular scans with anti-virus software. It is quite easy, but many people forget it. It might be a hectic task to work on your computer when antivirus software is running. Scanning at night will be the best solution.


It might be a huge task eliminating all cyber-attacks, but having a comprehensive approach to preventing them from harming you will be accommodating.

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